What expects Kazakhstan journalism?
Such question arose at the BNews.kz correspondent, proceeding from the amendments to the law on media which are sharply discussed by journalists.
Media kurultay is one of the largest events in the field of journalism where minister of information and communications of Kazakhstan Dauren Abayev took part. It was held in Almaty last week. By the way, in 9 years of existence of media kurultay it is the first case when the head of department became its participant. Certainly, amendments to the law on media became a principal theme of discussion.
What amendments to the law on media became the most discussed?
In the summer of the current year Dauren Abayev declared that amendments to the law on media will submit for discussion of the public. The comparative table of the bill of Kazakhstan "On modification and additions in some legal acts of Kazakhstan concerning information and communications" was published on the website of the ministry on October 31 of the current year.
The meeting of the working group where journalists, experts, public figures and representatives of state agencies participated has taken place on November 2.
Today we observe experts and journalists in the society of media that the most discussed became such amendments: anonymous comments can snare under the ban; to oblige journalists to check reliability of output information; to oblige journalists to take the written permission for distribution of data from private life and personal data.
The minister in response to heated discussion of amendments explained disputed issues and told about those points which will not be subjected to changes.
According to D. Abayev, the point concerning receipt of a written consent to placement of information on these or those persons is changed. The journalist should address for a consent only in single questions.
"We already changed adjustment. It is not about all personal data but about data of limited access. These identity certificates, individual identification numbers, personal phones, addresses, the residence, a place of employment, conditions of the employment contract and so on concern to them," the minister explained.
Expert opinion: Pluses of amendments
Journalist, director of Public fund "Legal Media Center" Diana Okremova was one of active participants of media kurultay who commented on the discussed amendments to the BNews.kz correspondent.
The expert began with those pluses which, in her opinion, will play a positive role for activities of journalists. For example, D. Okremova noted mitigation of the administrative responsibility for violation of publisher's imprints. According to her, this offer was made by the ministry. So, with adoption of amendments instead of suspension and closing of the edition will introduce a penalty.
According to her, good plus is the norm on minors which have suffered from violence, i.e. it will be impossible to publish their images, a surname, a name in media.
Expert opinion: Minuses of amendments
Speaking about minuses of those amendments which are offered to be brought in the law, Diana Okremova noted that all problem regulations become to secure officials and as much as possible to protect them.
The expert called senseless the amendment "to oblige journalists to check reliability of the distributed information", because in her opinion it is "very difficult to check reliability of obtained information".
"In general it is necessary to speak about extended. We think that to impute it a duty to journalists is overkill. It seems to me, all problem norms become to secure officials that they have been most protected," the expert said.
What to do if "minuses" of amendments will kept?
The expert has answered this question with a pessimistic spirit. According to her, journalists already assume withdrawal from the sphere of media.
"At the last meetings on media kurultai the minister showed the readiness of all to hear and told that all amendments which are proposed will be surely considered. I hope that the law will not be accepted in such type. We rather actively participate in a working group and constantly in contact with the ministry," D. Okremova said.
However, according to her, if amendments are adopted then it will be possible to forget about journalistic investigations.
"Work and life of officials will be so protected that it will be possible to forget about attempts of journalistic investigations," she noted.
The ministry planned to complete the formation of the text of the bill until the end of November and to submit for discussion in parliament till March, 2017.