Why Kazakh steppe has more water now?
Weather in Astana is famous for its unpredictability and can present some gifts in the form of heavy rain at any time. But, in the last time water in the capital obviously increased. It became a lot. Rains fill in with powerful never-ending flows not only the capital, practically all Kazakhstan. Why in the Kazakh steppe the climate changes and what it can lead to? The analyst of BNews.kz Ermek Niyazov has a historical version of the events.
"The drought period in the Great steppe which lasted during 19-20 centuries has come to an end. In the steppe the moistening period which will also last not one hundred years has begun. For the first time the famous historian and the scientist Lev Gumilev has paid attention to recurrence of the periods of a drought and moistening in Eurasia.
Since the 3rd century B.C. to the 18th century he has allocated three bright periods of a shrinkage of the Great steppe. Each of these periods was characterized by resettlement of nomads to steppe borders that wasn't at the same time a conquest. People followed a forage and water. But during the periods of moistening of the steppe there was its systematic settling, the subsequent population explosion of the population of the nomadic people and increase in a livestock of the cattle again. At the same time historians described how excessive moistening led to tragedies in Western Europe - constant rains didn't allow harvest to ripen.
Gumilev has noticed that emergence of the strong states in the steppe also falls on the periods of moistening of the steppe and, on the contrary, the drought is characterized by decline of nomadic economy and epidemics of hunger. What, in principle, is natural.
The peak of the last period of a drought in the steppe has dropped out for the end of 19 century, and beginning of the 20th century. This time is an impoverishment of inhabitants of the Great steppe and the greatest tragedy of the Kazakh people. Don't forget, that then the word "zhyt" has got into Russian, having become "horror" (zhut'u)- a synonym of terrible accident.
Historical riddle - why such strong and powerful people in the 18th century which have beaten off the strongest enemy have so sharply become impoverished in the 19th century and travelers and the Russian officers describe yurtas full of holes and hungry children? It has a simple answer – the Kazakh steppe was suffered by a drought.
I remember the 80th years of the XX century. The steppe at the end of June burned out in bright yellowness, only the drought-resistant bush grew. What about now? Steppes freely turn green, loosely grows to a motley grass and the woods begin to rise.
In the light of the events I want to highlight not just strong intuition, but a gift of a preimage of our president who consistently monitors more than 10 years forming of "a green belt" of the capital. Nazarbayev is the person of an enormous intuition, good luck. Nursultan Nazarbayev's initiative about planting of trees in the steppe becomes clear while sceptics groaned and lamented that to plant the wood in the steppe – all the same that to throw money down the drain. As we see, the wood makes a stand: all will rise in the eyes, there is enough water.
In case of such amount of water we will see not only the fine woods, but in case of desire and fine gardens in the steppe in case of our life. The green belt is first sign. If each Kazakhstan citizen living in a steppe zone isn't too lazy to plant trees, we will leave to our children and grandsons a kind gift.
Besides, during moistening of the steppe a distant-pasture livestock production, which is traditional for us becomes again profitable and rentable: horse breeding and sheep breeding.
Therefore don't abuse a rain, dear fellow countrymen! Also don't complain about officials who allegedly didn't provide system of water disposal of necessary level. It is definitely not their fault: when the monthly regulation of water drops out in a day, any city water disposal isn't able to cope quickly with such water flow. Water disposal will be made not today, so tomorrow, and the type of the blossoming steppe and economic potential which is opened for us by the nature is worth it to rejoice to this phenomenon and to call water "fertile", "sparing life".