Is Kazakhstan ready to pass to "green economy"?
The Nobel Peace Prize laureate and the member of the international committee on winning of the "Global energy" award Rae-Kwon Chung (South Korea) is sure that the EXPO 2017 exhibition in Astana with the subject "Future Energy" will become the good platform for discussion of the Paris agreement. The Bnews.kz correspondent managed to talk with the guest of the XI Innovative congress.
This year power, new materials, information, communication technologies and deep conversion in agro-industrial complex became principal themes of an innovative forum. Hundreds of delegates from the different countries among which there is a Nobel laureate of 2007 Rae-Kwon Chung which got a world award for a contribution to activities of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change took part in work of the congress.
Now focus on high-hydrocarbonic economy isn't the right direction of development, doctor Chung considers.
"We were traditionally oriented to high-hydrocarbonic economy, but the understanding comes now that it is not absolutely correct way. Today we need already to prepare for an era without oil, and the governments shall adjust policy of the country on development of low-hydrocarbonic innovations. And it is very good that in this plan and Kazakhstan actively invests in the future, in the innovative economy relying on innovations without oil," Rae-Kwon Chung said.
The expert is also sure that the international EXPO 2017 exhibition in Astana will become the good platform on implementation of the Paris agreement.
"As you know, the Paris agreement was accepted last year, but entered recently. The agreement was accepted on December 12, 2015 following the results of the 21st conference of the Framework Convention on Climate Change (FCCC) in Paris. 195 participants of a forum agreed not to allow increase in average temperature on the planet by 2,100 more than on 2 degrees Celsius in comparison with a preindustrial era. Many states promote promotion of this agreement. They study how to advance it. But the agreement doesn't explain how to achieve these objectives, it remains behind the states therefore the EXPO in Astana will become very good support for this agreement," the Nobel Peace Prize laureate added.
On observations of doctor Chung, the countrys are interested in sharing the ideas for maintenance of this document. At the same time, the expert noted the Concept of Kazakhstan on transition to "green economy" where the ambitious goal is set: by 2020 to develop by means of alternative and renewable energy resources of 3% of all electric power in the country.
"It is possible to call work on transition to "green economy" in Kazakhstan the term "innovative policy". Of course, today to some countries it is difficult and expensively to pass to "green economy", but if it is accepted at the legislative level, with changes in the Tax code, then a lot of things will become real," Rae-Kwon Chung said.
As the expert noted, now high-carbon products are in demand, but if to reduce the prices on low-carbon, then and it will be demanded.
"Fuel will become more expensive, renewable energy resources will become cheaper, then people will really use them if we are able to implement this system, then innovative technologies will bring benefit and the prices of them will be lower," doctor Chung added.
According to the Nobel laureate, in many countries of Central Asia a large number of individual cars doesn't allow to develop to a public transport. In conclusion Rae-Kwon Chung recommends to city authorities to consider possibilities of renewable energy resources in town planning which will allow to support and develop "green economy".
Let's remind, the Paris agreement shall succeed the Kyoto protocol validity period of which will expire in 2020. Ratification by 55 countries of which at least 55% of universal amount of emissions of greenhouse gases are the share was a condition for the introduction of the document in force. At the moment the document was signed by 190 countries, ratified by 96 states.
Unlike the Kyoto protocol, the Paris agreement provides that liabilities on reducing harmful emissions in the atmosphere undertake all states irrespective of extent of their economic development. The mechanism of strict control of its observance and enforcement measures on its execution isn't stated in the document.