Kazakh Secretary of State calls rural women as major force of modern Kazakhstan
The rural population is 42.5% throughout the country, half of which are women, and their role in developing rural areas is significant, says the Kazakh Secretary of State.
The capital city has given a start to the first Ruaul Women Forum called 'The contribution of women to the sustainable development of rural \reas of Kazakhstan' timed to the International Day of Rural Women celebrated on October 15 in accordance with the resolution of the UN General Assembly, BNews.kz correspondent reports.
The Forum aims to create a platform to demonstrate the achievements and contribution of women to the implementation of the national programme to develop the agroindustrial complex, as well as to motivate women, their involvement in the green economy, to implement organic agriculture and different forms of employment in villages.
Opening the Forum, the Kazakh Secretary of State, the Chairman of the National Commission on Women's Affairs and Family and Demographic Policy under the President of Kazakhstan, Gulshara Abdykalikova, noted that in this year's Address the head of state has defined further tasks to develop villages and the agro-industrial complex.
"To this end, a special project called 'Aul - gul besigi' will be launched. Actions are envisaged to obtain modern agricultural technologies, to support and mass training of agricultural entrepreneurs to advanced skills of agricultural production, to boost management capabilities in the sector. In the near three years, 100 billion tenges will be allocated to implement these tasks," she said.
According to Gulshara Abdykalikova, today Kazakhstan women are well represented in bodies of public administration.
"Women are well represented in bodies of public administration. 512 women are deputies of district maslikhats, five are district governors, 348 women are rural and village governors. They work in education, healthcare, culture, produce agricultural and other products, deliver services, develop rural agriculture. Out of 240 thousand farms, more than 40 thousand are headed by women, in which around 60 thousand rural residents work. Following the last year, products for 1.2 trillion tenges were produced. And state support for entrepreneurship initiatives of women farmers is carried out by many state programmes. Thus, as of today, 1.5 thousand women are busy developing their business by the programme of productive employment and mass entrepreneurship. Within the programme, 6 210 women were trained to the business basics, more than 174 loans for 735 million tenge were provided. In general, the rural women are a huge and major force of modern Kazakhstan," said Gulshara Abdykalikova.
Credit: Baurzhan Zhuassbayev
The Kazakh Secretary of State underlined that the special role in the implementation of key directions in the Address of the President to the people are given to residents of rural areas. And today a number of actions should be taken to further engage women in mass processes of Kazakhstan's transformation.
"We need to work further with you so to engage women in large transformation processes. Firstly, we need to focus our efforts on the promotion of the ideology of labor in villages. To this end, the authority of an honest rural worker, a productive farmer, a true patriot of the country should be enhanced. The village must be a recognized driver of a society of universal labor.
Secondly, we should develop the universal implementation of Industry 4.0. elements, by using the legacy of Astana EXPO 2017. Here an important role is taken by the development of 'green' technologies.
Thirdly, in order to increase living standards, to form a comfortable living environment in villages, it is necessary to create settlements developing basic system-forming capabilities, transport, social and engineering infrastructure, as well as to take measures to eliminate a gap between living standards in villages and cities that must be the focus of not only the state, but also that of non-government organizations.
Credit: Baurzhan Shuassbayev
To attract the women's community to implement education and health care reforms, to ensure access to the qualitative pre-school and secondary education and medical services, to develop sports and cultural and holiday infrastructure. Women's NGOs should be at the forefront of these processes. Fourthly, to modernize the social environment in rural areas, it is necessary to actively attract girls, to emphasize preparation works for the upcoming Year of Youth. In general, these main priorities that we and rural women are facing," she said.
It is expected that following the Forum of rural women, an address of the delegates and organizers of the Forum to support the Addresses of the President to the people: "Third Modernization of Kazakhstan: Global Competitiveness" (2017), "Growing Welfare of Kazakh Citizens: Increase in Income and Quality of Life" (2018) will be adopted, in which great attention is placed to strengthen the role of the agro-industrial sector that should become a new driver of economy with a special emphasis to increase labor productivity in farms and to establish a system of mass training among rural entrepreneurs to new agricultural skills.
The document will pay attention to the support for initiatives of women leaders for the sustainable development of villages, among which access to advanced and affordable climate-smart and green technologies to ensure the quality of life in villages, food security, and conservation of ecosystems should be mentioned.
The address will include an appeal to yearly hold the Rural Women Forum to discuss issues and achievements, to integrate efforts of numerous women's and agrarian public associations of Kazakhstan for common initiatives in the interest of rural women.