Kazakhstan prepares for epidemiological season of influenza
Up to 1.5 Kazakhstani citizens will be inoculated with vaccines against influenza in this epidemiological season, the Kazakh Healthcare Ministry forecasts.
The country's medical institutions are prepared to meet the upcoming epidemic season of influenza and SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome) that, according to the Kazakh Healthcare Ministry, starts October 1 this year. It was said by head of the Epidemiological Monitoring Department of the Public Health Protection Committee under the Kazakh Healthcare Ministry Roza Kozhapova said during a conference call with the regions, BNews.kz correspondent reports.
As of today, to provide at-risk groups with vaccinations against influenza, more than 1.6 million doses of the Russian 'Grippol +' vaccination that includes antigens of influenza strains against the three main viruses, the circulation of which following the forecast of World Health Organization is expected in the upcoming epidemiological season: Michigan, Singapore (A group) and Colorado (B group), have been purchased and delivered in the regions.
"Total 1 605 891 doses of 'Grippol +' vaccines have been purchased throughout the republic. 1 590 000 persons of at-risk groups are subject to vaccination, including over 82 thousand pregnant women subject to vaccination in the 2nd or 3rd trimester, 158 thousand medical employees, 300 thousand children who are on a watch list in medical organizations for various diseases, 120 thousand children who are frequently ill, 16 thousand children from closed education institutions, 23 thousand from homes of disabled persons and homes of old people, 357 thousand people who suffer chronic cardiovascular and respiratory diseases," said Roza Kozhapova.
She added that these days vaccination of over 14 thousand citizens at the expense of employers under these Ministries is planned. There are more than 37 thousand vaccines for those people wanting to be subject to vaccination at their own expenses. And the small number of vaccines at the expense of the local budget was purchased in Kostanay region and in Astana.
According to Chief Medical Officer of Kazakhstan Zhandarbek Bekshin, the Public Health Protection Committee set a task to cope with the lack of vaccines in these regions.
"30 thousand doses and extra 50 thousand vaccination doses were supplied in Astana. That is, total 80 thousand vaccines will be delivered in Astana, and we do not rule out that an additional purchase will be made. Kostanay region is provided with 57 thousand doses, but we ask to buy extra doses and attract funds of employers and the population. In general, planned applications of all regions are fulfilled by 100% - 1 628 000 doses which were brought to Kazakhstan and delivered to meet applications," said Bekshin.
He added that some private organizations purchased Dutch 'Influvac' in addition to Russian 'Grippo +'.
"That is, there are two types of vaccines in Kazakhstan. 'Grippol +' is cheaper, because of the large volume and the market's rule is in place - the more the volume, the cheaper the good. 'Influvac' was originally more expensive, as well as its volume is less that's why its price is cheaper," the speaker said.
Vaccination of 'Influvac' will cost on average 2 800 tenges, and that of 'Grippol +' is 1 600 tenges per dose and above.
As of today, according to Roza Kozhapova, 'Grippol +' vaccine is delivered in all regions of Kazakhstan, and the vaccination has already begun in some regions because of early cold days.
"In the near future, it is necessary to provide the 100% coverage of those belonging to at-risk groups. More than 3300 vaccination points, which are provided with all necessary equipment and medication, have been established within the republic. All medical workers who will conduct vaccination have been granted security clearance and are ready to conduct vaccination in the given order. Medical organizations are ready for the epidemiological season, and 1200 telephone numbers are provided for consultation purposes in polyclinics. More than 1000 units of vehicles to meet house calls have been allocated, as well as a reserve number of beds - more than 5 thousand beds, was established to hospitalize critical patients with influenza and SARS symptoms," said the head of the Department.
In addition, in order to provide specialized care a reserve of medication against influenza was created in the medical organizations of the republic. As for today, Kazakhstan has a reserve of 50 thousand 'Tamiflu' packages and 10 thousand 'Relenza' packages. Inpatient health clinics are equipped with devices and means to provide intensive therapy. All pharmacies have (up to 600) a sufficient reserve of medication against influenza and that of single-use masks.