Kazakhstan to take part in development of Russian super-heavy rocket
This rocket will be used for advanced space missions, for example, to the Moon and Mars.
According to RIA Novosti Kazakhstan will partake in the development of the Russian super-heavy rocket due to cooperation concept at Baikonur cosmodrome.
The cooperation concept provides for further cooperation at Baikonur complex in the way of basic perspective directions of joint space project of Kazakhstan and Russia… development of the super-heavy space rocket complex.
Besides, Kazakhstan’s side intends in conjunction with the Russian Federation to design the super-light rocket for small satellites’ launching and establish production of rocket parts at Baikonur.
Russia works on the development of the super-heavy rocket. The Russian President Vladimir Putin decreed its designing at the beginning of 2018. The head developer of the complex is Energiya rocket and space enterprise.
By the end of 2019, the sketch design of the complex should be completed, and the first launch of the rocket was then set for 2028. The super heavy rocket is planned to be used to carry out advanced space missions, for example, to the Moon and Mars.
It is planned that the first stage of the new Soyuz-5 medium-range missile (which is also being developed in Russia) will become part of the first stage of the super heavy missile. At the same time, as Director General of Roskosmos Dmitry Rogozin declared, the super heavy missile should start from the new Russian spaceport Vostochny in the Amur Region. The President's decree also prescribed the creation of a complex of super heavy class in the East.
At the same time, the Zenit missile launch complex at Baikonur is planned to be transferred to Kazakhstan in September-October 2018 and redesigned for launching Soyuz-5. For this purpose, the Kazakh side is going to spend 314 million dollars.
It was informed Roscosmos will propose cooperation on the development of the super heavy rocket to the People’s Republic of China.
Currently, different countries develop the third generation of super heavy carriers. The first was the American rocket "Saturn-5" and the Soviet H-1, intended for manned flights to the moon.
Then in the USSR, the "Energia" rocket was launched to put the "Buran" shuttle into orbit. The present-day US is developing a super-heavy SLS missile, Russia – in its turn develops Energia rocket, and China - "Changzheng-9". In addition, the private US company SpaceX in 2018 conducted a test launch of the super-heavy rocket Falcon Heavy and is developing an even heavier BFR.