Kazakhstan-Russia: strategic partnership’s successful model
In words of the head of the foreign authority of Kazakhstan Kairat Abdrakhmanov a friendship between Kazakhstan and Russia can be rightly titled a successful model of the strategic partnerships and allied relationships of the CIS countries.
Rossiyskaya Gazeta (Russian Newspaper) has published an article ‘Basis of strategic partnership of Kazakhstan and Russia’ by the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Kazakhstan Kairat Abdrakhmanov, BNews.kz correspondent reports with a reference to a website of the Kazakh foreign ministry.
It should be reminded July 6 Astana has celebrated its 20th birthday. And the date coincided in time with the 20th anniversary from the date of adoption of Declaration between the Republic of Kazakhstan and the Russian Federation on eternal friendship and alliance, oriented into XXI century. It provides a good chance to think through opportunities and priorities, achieved success in strengthening mutual cooperation between Kazakhstan and Russia declaring their commitment to the progressive development of interstate relations in the spirit of strategic partnership.
As Kairat Abdrakhmanov stressed the Declaration had no analogues at the post-soviet space. Its value was predetermined by the fact that not only the high level of good-neighborly relations between the peoples of Kazakhstan and Russia that had already been achieved by that time was confirmed, but, even more importantly, qualitatively new principles and parameters for the development of multifaceted and successful relations between the two countries in the new millennium
Moreover, the head of the foreign ministry announced signing the document both leaders had opened a new quantity level of relations between Kazakhstan and Russia.
In the article "Strengthening of Independence through Sustainable Development" (Kazakhstanskaya Pravda, December 16, 1995), President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev noted: "I want everyone to understand that Kazakhstan's sovereignty does not imply a denial but, on the contrary, the strengthening and development of the Kazakhstani- Russian relations in all spheres of life, it is foolish to deny our interdependence in the economic, political and military fields, the more foolish it is to fight it. The task is to bring the relevant treaty to the common interests of the two countries but the legal framework and establish an effective mechanism for its implementation. "
The Declaration goals decision of the task and Kazakhstan is still on the same page.
The post-Soviet period remembered for a solution of pressing problems related to the formation and strengthening of the foundations of public administration, interethnic stability, the transition to absolutely new standards of economic development along with building relationships with neighbors. Destruction of close intra-union ties in national republics had resulted in a social and economic crisis, the growth of interethnic contradictions, the rise of extremist and radical forces
According to him, it would be unacceptable, illogical and counterproductive for Kazakhstan to break ties with Russia. After all, the foundation of lasting good-neighborly and close cooperation between Kazakhstan and Russia was laid by historical, cultural, geo-economic and geopolitical factors, which naturally and practically immediately brought our countries' relations to a high level.
Russia was the first state that had signed with Kazakhstan such a strategically important document Treaty on friendship, cooperation and mutual assistance between the Republic of Kazakhstan and the Russian Federation (dated May 25, 1992).
The official visit of Kazakh President Nursultan Nazarbayev to Russia in March 1994 gave a powerful impetus to the practical interaction of the two countries. Besides the visit resulted in the definition of a joint algorithm of actions in the trade, economic, scientific, technical and humanitarian fields, as well as conditions for the use of the Baikonur cosmodrome. During this visit that Nursultan Nazarbayev addressed the Moscow State University. M. Lomonosov with the initiative to create the Eurasian Union, which predetermined the foreign policy vector of Kazakhstan's development aimed at the strategic partnership with Russia.
Joint priorities of both countries were actualized in above-mentioned Declaration between the Republic of Kazakhstan and the Russian Federation on eternal friendship and alliance, oriented into XXI century (July 6, 1998) and the Treaty on Good-Neighborliness and Alliance in the 21st Century (11 November 2013). The main leitmotif of both documents is the deepening and expansion of the strategic interaction of equal and sovereign states in the new historical realities.
The Treaty on the Kazakhstan-Russian state border signed in 2005 year brought relations of our countries to a new level, confirming their strategic importance. It should be noted both states managed to agree in a relatively short time about the longest joint border in the world with a length of more than 7 500 kilometers.
2017 was the year of 25th anniversary of diplomatic relations between Kazakhstan and Russia. Among the achievements the ability to preserve historical centuries-old ties, but also the skills of building relationships based on the principles of equality and mutually beneficial partnership.
Nowadays Russian is the leader among the trade partners of Kazakhstan (20.6% of external trade turnover of Kazakhstan). In 2017 the trade turnover between our countries was 16 billion dollars increased by 25.6% in comparison with 2016.
Russia is in third place in terms of direct investment from Kazakhstan. According to the National Bank of Kazakhstan, in 2005-2017 the accumulated volume of direct investments from Kazakhstan to Russia amounted to 3.5 billion dollars, from Russia to Kazakhstan - 11.7 billion dollars.
Industrial cooperation and joint industrial production maintain the potential of one of the most perspective direction in cooperation. There are over 8.5 thousand working enterprises with the participation of the Russian capital, which is more than one-third of the total enterprises with the foreign capital in the country.
Besides, Kazakhstan has mutual dividends from the joint usage of Baikonur cosmodrome.
It should be noted cultural and humanitarian contacts are expanding: thousands of Kazakhstani students study in Russia. Interregional cooperation was included in a number of key areas of joint work, and the traditional Forum of Interregional Cooperation with the participation of the Heads of State is considered to be exemplary for such a format of interaction throughout the post-Soviet space.
The key aspect of the Kazakhstani-Russian cooperation is partnership interaction at the world scene. Both states’ missions collaborate actively at the global sites comparing their watches on hot points.
Through CIS, OSCE, EEU, and SCO we have managed to preserve the historical construction of Eurasia and to ensure the development of a vast region in the light of common interests and tasks.
Kairat Abdrakhmanov stated the practical and close cooperation with Russian in frames of the UN, OSCE and other international organizations at regional and global levels in various spheres including countering international terrorism and religious extremism. And it is supposed mutual support of the Kazakhstan and Russia in international organizations, both in the country format and at the personal level, has always been and will be a priority on the foreign policy agenda of Astana and Moscow. At the same time, the parties respect and understand each other's positions on the topical issues of the international agenda, including within the framework of the UN.
Between Kazakhstan and Russia, there are practically no issues that could not or could not be solved through constructive dialogue and consideration of mutual interests. Today, relations between our countries represent a successful and effective model of bilateral and integration cooperation, which is the key to stability and security throughout the Eurasian space.
In this regard, an example of the presidents of Kazakhstan and Russia is indicative, they are in close contact and are holding a permanent dialogue on topical issues of bilateral cooperation and assessing the state of affairs in the world.
The intensity of meetings and negotiations undoubtedly works to strengthen ties and shows interest in ensuring stable and mutually beneficial relations between our countries.
Abdrakhmanov believes that the existing friendly relations between Kazakhstan and Russia can rightfully be called today a successful model of strategic partnership and allied relations of states in the CIS space.