Living wage in Kazakhstan rgns raised by 10% year to date
The highest growth is in Akmola region – by 13.5% since the starting of the year up to 26.61 thousand tenge.
According to a result of June, the living wage the Republic of Kazakhstan was 27.85 thousand tenge per capita average, which is 5.2% more than in May, by 8.8% - than at the beginning of the year, and immediately by 10.9% in June last year. For comparison, the inflation rate for the corresponding periods was only 0.2% - for the month, 2.6% - from the beginning of the year and 5.9% for the year, according to ranking.kz.
Curiously, the growth varies among different socio-demographic groups. So, from the beginning of the year, the living wage of able-bodied women and men rose by 9%, pensioners - by 8.8%, children under 13 years - only 7.9%.
It should be noted it is supposed Kazakhstani women and men have different living costs: for example, according to this indicator, 20.6% less food is required for able-bodied women, and, accordingly, less than non-food products and services.
The same time, Russia and Belarus do not divide the living wage by gender, only according to socio-demographic criteria (age and ability to work). At the same time, neighboring Kyrgyzstan in Central Asia also believes that women should get a lower cost of the living wage than men.
To be more specific about this issue, the amount of the living wage is calculated on the basis of the cost of consumer basket, which is then increased by a fixed share of the expenditures for the minimum necessary non-food goods and services. Since January 2018, a fixed share of spending on non-food products and services has been set at 45% (against 40% previously) to the cost of the minimum consumer basket.
The consumer basket is calculated in accordance with scientifically substantiated physiological norms for the consumption of food products, approved by the authorized body in the field of sanitary and epidemiological welfare in agreement with the authorized body in the field of public health. It should be noted that the norms of WHO and FAO (UN) do suggest for women a lower recommended intake of calories per day than for men, however, for example, during pregnancy and feeding, the norms for women are no less, and for some indicators - than for men.
But the main "disputable" point is that the non-food portion of the living wage depends directly on food. However, most goods (for example, furniture or appliances), and a considerable part of services (for example, communal or repair) are not divided according to gender and equally hit the pocket of Kazakhstan people, regardless of gender.
Among the regions, the largest living wage was in Mangystau region (34.27 thousand tenge, + 10.8% since the beginning of the year), Astana (32.25 thousand tenge, + 9.4% since the beginning of the year), and Almaty (31, 29 thousand tenge, + 7.9%).
Immediately in eight regions of Kazakhstan, the subsistence minimum was raised by more than 10% since the beginning of the year. The highest growth was registered in the Akmola region - by 13.5% since the beginning of the year, to 26.61 thousand tenge.