What five Presidents discussed at Aktau Summit - News | BNews

What five Presidents discussed at Aktau Summit

13 August, 10:17 214
What five Presidents discussed at Aktau Summit

The main event of the high-level meeting was the signing of the Convention on the Legal Status of the Caspian Sea. 

 

The port city of Aktau (West Kazakhstan) held the Fifth Caspian Summit that was participated by President the Republic of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev, President of the Islamic Republic of Iran Hassan Rouhani, President of the Republic of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev, President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin, President of Turkmenistan Gurbanguly Berdimuhadedow, BNews.kz reports with a reference to a press service of the Akorda.  

The discussion of the most important issues of five-party cooperation in the Caspian Sea region, the exchange of opinions on current topics were held in order to continue the decisions taken at the Caspian Summits in Ashgabat (2002), Tehran (2007), Baku (2010) and Astrakhan (2014) in the traditional atmosphere of friendship, trust and good neighbourliness. 

Credit: Baurzhan Zhuasbayev 

The main event of the high-level meeting was the signing of the base international treaty compiled on the base of a consensus and mutual interests of all parties - the Convention on the Legal Status of the Caspian Sea. This basic document creates a new legal regime of the Caspian Sea that meets modern requirements and aims at further intensification  of all-round interaction of the Caspian states. 

Credit: Baurzhan Zhuasbayev 

In order to the effective implementation of the Convention on the Legal States of the Caspian Sea and revision of various aspects of cooperation on the Caspian Sea, the Presindets took a decision to create a mechanism of five-party regular consultations under the auspices of the Ministries of Foreign Affairs at the level of the Deputies Foreign Ministries/Plenipotentiaries of the Caspian States and the holding of first consultations no later than six months since the signing of the Convention. As a matter of priority it was instructed to work out and agree a draft treaty regarding a methodology of identifying straight baselines.  

Credit: Baurzhan Zhuasbayev 

The signing of the agreement on trade and economic cooperation between the governments of the Caspian states on trade and economic cooperation and the agreements bewteen the governments of the Caspian States on cooperation in trasport, which facilitate to further strangthening and development of interaction of the Caspian Srates in industry, trade, energy, trasport and logistics, innovation, tourism, information and other spheres of interest at the fifth Caspian Summit was welcomed with deep apreciation. In order to implement all these agreemnts, meetings of relevant agencies on a regular basis will be held. In order to develop contacts between entrepreneurs and business structures of the five states, it was proposed to held the first Caspian Economic Forum in 2019 in Turkmenistan. 

The importance of the organization of regular five-party inteaction of maritime administrations of the Caspian Seas with the aim of effective and mutually beneficial coooperation in maritime transport  on the Capsian Sea was outlined. The necessiaty to design a five-party teaty on coopertaion in maritime transport on the Caspian Sea was also mentioned. 

Credit: Baurzhan Zhuasbayev 

The signing of the inter-pariamentary Agreement on teh prevention of emegencies on the Caspian Sea is aimed at implementation of the basic principles of intercation of the states - respecting sovereignty, territorial integrity, undiminished security for every state, respct for the agreed trust building measures in the military sphere in accordance with the common efforts to consolidate the regional security and stability. 

With the aim to ensure the interests of the Casian states in the security sphere, the Presidents reaffirmed the importance to design and addopt agreed confidence-building measures on the Caspian Sea with respect to military activities on the Sea.

Credit: Baurzhan Zhuasbayev 

The Presidents welcomed the signing of the cooperation protocols in the area of counter-terrorism, organized crimes, the protocols on cooperation of cross-border agencies to the Agreement of coopertion in the field of security on the Caspian Sea as of November 18, 2010 aimed at comabatting current challeges and threats, as well as to prevent illegal activities. 

The leaders placed special attention to the issues of the state of the environment on the Caspian Sea. It was noted that the important result of efforts of the Caspian States in this area was the signing of the Protocol on assessment of the impact on the environment in a transboundary context to the Framework Convention on protection of the marine environment of the Caspian Sea as of November 4, 2003. It was instructed to end the inter-state procedures to entry into force the protocols to it, as well as the process of locating the Convention Secretariat on teh territory of the Casoian States on a rotational basis. 

Credit: Baurzhan Zhuasbayev 

The heads of state welcomed the entry into force of the agreemnts signed at the Astrakhan Summit on September 29, 2014 on the preservation and reational use of water biological resources, on cooperation in the shpere of revention and elimination of emergencies, as well as on cooperation in the field of hydrometeorology. The practical implementation of these documents will facilitate to increase the protection on the Caspian Sea from threats of natural and technical nature, to resude the risks to its unique marine environment and biolgogical diversity. 

The Presidents noted with appreciation the beginning of the work of the intergovernmental Commission on the preservation, rational use of water and biological resources and management of their cumulative reserves that was established to ensure the implementation of the measures of sustainable development of cumulative water and biological resources of the Caspian Sea. 

With the aim to implement the Agreement on Cooperation in the sphere of security on the Caspian Sea as of November 18, 2010, the Presindets noted the necessity to end the agreement of the protocol on cooperation in the field of illegal fishing created to preserve fish stocks of the Caspian Sea and to combat poaching, as well as the protocol on cooperation in ensuring security in maritime. The instruction to work out the protocol on combatting illegal drug trafficking, psychotropic substances and their precursors was given. 

Credit: Baurzhan Zhuasbayev

The heads of state noted the importance of the development of tourism on the Caspian area, taking into account the confiderable cultural and recreational potential of the Sea and its coastal zone. The corresponding agencies were instructed to hold five-party consultations on tourism on the Caspian Sea. 

The Presindets expressed to support the activization of cooperation of the Caspain States in different formats, including the regional level, cultural exchanges, media forums, youth gatherings, sports competitions and otehrs.  

The Presidents expressed the confidence in further strangthening and development of the traditional fraiendly ties between all Caspian States, and specially underlined that the Caspian Sea is the Sea of peace, good newighbourliness and effective international cooperation.  

The gratitude to the Republic of Kazakhstan for a high level of the Fifth Caspian Summit and hispitality was expressed. 

The next Caspian Summit will be held within the agreed time frame in Turkmenistan. 

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